COMMUNITY-BASED DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT (CBDRM)

Project COMMUNITY-BASED DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT (CBDRM) IN MALDIVES
Objectives

To develop an Island Disaster Management Plan and establish an Island Disaster Management Committee on four islands on the northernmost Atolls of the Maldives.

Project Partners Care Society
Activities

Three visits were conducted to the islands of Baarah and Dhidhdhoo in the Haa Alifu Atoll. On both islands, community members engaged in participatory risk assessment to develop a risk profile for the island and to identify activities to reduce risks in their community. Three taskforces – Island Safety, First Aid, and Fire Search& Rescue Task Forces – were created on each island to provide preparedness and response capabilities on the islands. First aid and fire safety training was provided to community members and volunteers were recruited to each Taskforce. Members of these task forces were then selected to form the Island Disaster Management Committee.

Locations Baarah and Dhidhdhoo
Period 2009
Accomplishments

The project activities have benefited the whole community in these islands, 1,747 inhabitants of Baarah and 3,660 people in Dhidhdhoo.

Background

Maldives was one of the countries hit by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. While the death toll was less than 100 people, the impact to the inhabitants was nonetheless dramatic. Maldives is a unique country in that it consists of groups of islands called atolls, and the impact of the waves is such that 25% of the inhabited islands were severely damaged or destroyed, 10% of the islands were totally destroyed, and 14 islands had to be evacuated. Total losses were estimated to be at US$472 million, equating to 62% of the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Together with a local partner, Care Society, MERCY Malaysia aims to develop an Island Disaster Management Plan and establish an Island Disaster Management Committee on four islands on the northernmost Atolls of the Maldives. The two islands in the Haa Alifu Atoll and two islands in the Haa Dhaalu Atoll were selected in consultation with the Maldives National Disaster Management Center.