Health and Capacity Building Initiatives/Supply of Refrigerated Centrifuge and Incubator for Premature Babies for Angkor Hospital for Children (AHC)

Project Health and Capacity Building Initiatives/Supply of Refrigerated Centrifuge and Incubator for Premature Babies for Angkor Hospital for Children (AHC)
Objectives

• To treat / reduce mild dehydration or diarrhea • To educate mothers / family members on treating mild dehydration or diarrhea • Employment of OPD assistant to assist doctors and nurses in AHC, with relevant administrative duties • To improve the services of the In-patient Department (IPD) through the supply of a unit of incubator for premature babies • To improve the services of the Laboratory Department through the supply of a unit of refrigerated centrifuge

Project Partners Angkor Hospital for Children (AHC)
Activities

• Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) Corner • Employment of OPD Service Assistant • Supply of Refrigerated Centrifuge and Incubator for AHC

Locations Siem Reap Province
Period June 2010 – August 2011
Accomplishments

• A total of 1,570 children were treated at the ORT Corner throughout January-December 2011 • Hand-over of a unit of incubator and refrigerated centrifuge

Background
Each year, thousands of Cambodian children continue
to die from diarrheal diseases. MERCY Malaysia has
been working with AHC since 2005 in setting up and
supporting an ORT Corner to treat mild dehydration
under the supervision of trained nursing staff.
Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) is a simple, cheap and
effective treatment for mild dehydration or diarrhea
– it can prevent 90% of child deaths from diarrheal
dehydration. Oral rehydration can be accomplished by
frequently drinking the recommended amount of oral
rehydration salt solution.

One of the most common reasons why children come to
the hospital is fever, usually caused by an infection. In
order to help diagnose what kind of infection and how
severely unwell the child is, the doctors rely on vital
services of the laboratory department – which initially
lacked proper equipment like centrifuge.

MERCY Malaysia efforts
The project, which began in June 2010, continues to treat
children with mild dehydration or diarrhea with oral salt
solution. In addition, families are also educated on the
safe and appropriate method of using ORS at home.
ORS sachets were distributed to families/parents of the
children.

In order to help medical staff diagnose infections a
centrifuge was donated to the hospital. Tests carried
out through the centrifuge include complete blood cell
count, liver function, renal function, urea, albumin as
well as specific tests to identify causes of infection. AHC
also admit quite a number of premature babies. As such,
MERCY Malaysia supplied the hospital with an incubator
to house premature babies until they are strong enough
to survive in the outside environment.

MERCY Malaysia also employed two OPD Family Service
Assistants, working under the direct supervision of the
nursing manager. It is part of an effort to build the skills
of Cambodians. Since their employment in June 2010,
the OPD Service Assistants have been able to take on
more responsibilities like assisting dentists in basic
dental duties.