Oral Rehydration Therapy

Project Oral Rehydration Therapy
Objectives
Project Partners Angkor Hospital
Activities
Locations Cambodia
Period 206
Accomplishments

OVERVIEW

Cambodia has a high infant mortality rate due to severe cases of diarrhoea. This is preventable through the management of diarrhoea, which involves mainly the prevention and treatment of dehydration. Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) is a simple and cost-effective process for treating diarrhoea related dehydration. It involves the administration of fl uids orally to prevent or treat dehydration that occurs as a result of diarrhoea.

In 2005, MERCY Malaysia funded the establishment of an Oral Rehydration Therapy Corner at the Outpatient Department of Angkor Hospital in Siem Reap. This allows children suffering from mild to moderate dehydration to receive treatment while their parents/caretakers receive education on the prevention and treatment of dehydration.

ORAL REHYDRATION THERAPY CORNER

MERCY Malaysia continued to support the ORT in 2006. In its second year of operation, more than 1,600 children were treated at the ORT Corner. Under the supervision of nurses with advanced training, mothers and caregivers were instructed on the proper administration of fl uids to rehydrate their children. Each family that visited the ORT Corner for treatment was also given two to three bags of oral rehydration salts and a bottle of pure water to continue treatment at home.

The ORT Corner was utilised extensively to provide training to visiting Cambodian health workers and nursing students from all over the country. The activities of the ORT Corner were included in the Medical Director of Angkor Hospitalʼs presentation for a Child Survival Workshop in Phnom Penh. Use of the ORT Corner was also incorporated into the Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) training courses, a programme organised by the hospital in cooperation with WHO and the Ministry of Health in Cambodia.