Oral Rehydration Therapy

Project Oral Rehydration Therapy
Objectives
Project Partners Angkor Hospital
Activities
Locations Cambodia
Period 206
Accomplishments

Overview
Cambodia has a high infant mortality rate due to severe
cases of diarrhoea. This is preventable through the
management of diarrhoea, which involves mainly the
prevention and treatment of dehydration. Oral Rehydration
Therapy (ORT) is a simple and cost-effective process
for treating diarrhoea-related dehydration. It involves the
administration of fl uids orally to prevent or treat dehydration
that occurs as a result of diarrhoea.

In 2005, MERCY Malaysia funded the establishment of
an Oral Rehydration Therapy Corner at the Outpatient
Department of Angkor Hospital in Siem Reap. This allows
children suffering from mild to moderate dehydration to
receive treatment while their parents/caretakers receive
education on the prevention and treatment of dehydration.

Oral Rehydration Therapy Corner
MERCY Malaysia continued to support the ORT in 2006.
In its second year of operation, more than 1,600 children
were treated at the ORT Corner. Under the supervision of
nurses with advanced training, mothers and caregivers
were instructed on the proper administration of fl uids to
rehydrate their children. Each family that visited the ORT
Corner for treatment was also given two to three bags of
oral rehydration salts and a bottle of pure water to continue
treatment at home.

The ORT Corner was utilised extensively to provide training
to visiting Cambodian health workers and nursing students
from all over the country. The activities of the ORT Corner
were included in the Medical Director of Angkor Hospitalʼs
presentation for a Child Survival Workshop in Phnom
Penh. Use of the ORT Corner was also incorporated into
the Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI)
training courses, a programme organised by the hospital
in cooperation with WHO and the Ministry of Health in
Cambodia.