POST TSUNAMI PROJECT – COMMUNITY BASED DISASTER MANAGEMENT (CBDRM)

Project POST TSUNAMI PROJECT – COMMUNITY BASED DISASTER MANAGEMENT (CBDRM)
Objectives
Project Partners The programme was supported by the island office, Maldives police service and local health center.
Activities
Locations Haa Alifu and Haa Dhaalu
Period 2008
Accomplishments

Overview

OFTEN DESCRIBED AS THE IDEAL TROPICAL HOLIDAY DESTINATION BECAUSE OF ITS AMAZING BEAUTY AND MORE THAN A THOUSAND ISLANDS, THE PICTURE-PERFECT ISLAND NATION OF THE MALDIVES IS OFTEN STRUCK BY CALAMITY IN THE FORM OF STORMS, DROUGHT, HEAVY RAINS AND STORM SURGES CAUSED BY CYCLONES IN THE SOUTHERN INDIAN OCEAN. THE NORTHERN ATOLLS OF THE ISLAND FACE A GREATER RISK OF DAMAGE FROM CYCLONIC WINDS WHILE THE SOUTH OF THE ISLAND IS VULNERABLE TO EARTHQUAKES. THE DECEMBER 26, 2004 INDIAN OCEAN TSUNAMI REAKED HAVOC ON THE ISLANDS AND CAUSED MORE THAN 80 DEATHS. THIRTY PERCENT OF THE NATION’S POPULATION OF 300,000 WERE DISPLACED WHILE 25 PER CENT OF THE 200 INHABITED ISLANDS WERE SEVERELY DAMAGED WITH 10 PER CENT OF THE COUNTRY’S ISLANDS COMPLETELY DESTROYED. FOURTEEN ISLANDS WERE EVACUATED AND TOTAL LOSSES WERE ESTIMATED AT US$472 MILLION, EQUATING TO 62% OF THE COUNTRY’S GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP).

 

POST TSUNAMI PROJECT – COMMUNITY BASED
DISASTER MANAGEMENT (CBDRM)
With funds from the Ministry of Finance, MERCY
Malaysia has implemented a Community Based Disaster
Risk Management (CBDRM) programme in support of
the Maldives’ government’s efforts to improve disaster
preparedness in the island-nation. The project is aimed at
engaging target communities in the development of Island
Disaster Management Plans.

The Maldives CBDRM Programme was developed in 2008
in consultation with the National Disaster Management
Centre in the Maldives. MERCY Malaysia and Care
Society, a Maldives-based NGO, signed Memorandum Of
Understanding (MoU) agreeing to jointly implement the
project.

During the two-year project, Island Disaster Management
Plans will be developed with the community on four islands
in the Haa Alifu and Haa Dhaalu atolls, the two northern atolls of the Maldives
15,500 people on the four islands.

In the course of developing the Plan, each community
was asked to identify the hazards and vulnerabilities
confronting their community and develop solutions to
reduce disaster risk, which would make their island safer.
In addition, a Disaster Management Committee on each
island was created and task forces formed to conduct
response activities in the event of a disaster.
MERCY Malaysia, along with its implementing partner in
the Maldives, Care Society, will work with the communities
to develop a three-month community-based disaster risk
reduction project, implementing one of the solutions
previously identified by the community to make their island
safer in their Island Disaster Management Plan.

The first phase of the project has been implemented in
the two target islands in Haa Alifu atoll. The project will be
completed by April 2010.

SCHOOL SAFETY INITIATIVES
MERCY Malaysia & Care Society jointly conducted a
School Safety Programme in the Maldives between July
and October 2008 with technical support from SEEDS
India. The programme was aimed at improving building
standards in existing schools while also ensuring that the
surrounding community was prepared for natural disasters
and emergencies.

The programme included a sensitisation workshop for
teachers on disaster preparedness and a school-wide drill
where teachers and students learnt and practiced skills on
fire safety, rescue, evacuation and first aid.

The programme was piloted at the Kaafu Kaashidoo
school and later implemented at four additional schools,
namely Haa Alifu Ihavandhoo School, Raa.Ungoofaru
School, Laamu Fonadhoo School and Gaafu Alifu Villingili
School. The programme was supported by the island
office, Maldives police service and local health center.