WASH Initiatives for Flood Affected Communities in Sindh, Pakistan

Project WASH Initiatives for Flood Affected Communities in Sindh, Pakistan

To improve the basic water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) needs of flood affected communities and returnees

Project Partners The People and Government of Malaysia

• Construction of latrines • Provision of clean water by installation of the Reverse Osmosis System and hand pumps • Hygiene Awareness Campaign and Hygiene Kits Distributions

Locations Sindh, Pakistan (Badin, Mirpukhas and Umerkot districts
Period January to December 2012

• 70 permanent latrines were built in 7 villlages, serving 3,168 people • 10 hand pumps and 2 membrane filtration systems were installed in 7 villages, catering to at least 4,000 people in the area • Hygiene awareness campaign and 3,093 hygiene kits distributions to 10 villages to curb flood-related diseases


The period between June to September is Pakistan’s southwest monsoon season. Half of the annual rainfall is concentrated in July and August, caused by the 2010 and 2011 floods. The 2011 Sindh flood affected a total of 9.27 million people and had reported 520 deaths. The flood hit a total of 14,091 km² of Sindh, with some areas submerged for months. The slow recovery due to the lack of gradient in Sindh’s landscape and poor irrigation; further delayed help to the affected population-sufferring issues of poor health and sanitation, lack of clean water access, mobility, food, shelter and less income.

MERCY Malaysia efforts

MERCY Malaysia reached out to three districts in Sindh; namely Badin, Mirpukhas and Umerkot. Our assessment showed that the main issue is the severe lack of safe water sources and the lack of amenities for collecting and storing water. The WASH Project consists of the construction of proper sanitation, clean water access and hygiene awareness campaigns for the villagers of those districts. Over 70 permanent latrines with double septic tanks were built in 7 villages by each targeted family, agreed standards following by community training on hygiene and maintenance. The concrete structures are built to last through floods and post flood climates. MERCY Malaysia addressed the communities’ need for a safe water source with the provision of 10 hand pumps which were installed with greater depths for cleaner underground water and using 2 membrane filtration systems in 7 villages. This water project will ensure at least 4,000 people from the targeted area will have clean water access, even during flood seasons and further reducing risks of water-related diseases. In addition, health education sessions were conducted where MERCY Malaysia distributed 3,093 hygiene kits in 10 villages.